Is intelligence hereditary or acquired ?

intelligence

Intelligence can be defined as the ability to learn, to reason, and to think abstractly. The term “intelligence” was first used by 19th century French psychologist Alfred Binet and his collaborator Theodore Simon. This led to the development of IQ tests that are now used in all industrialised countries.

Intelligence is innate and is present in all of us. The term “intelligence” refers to a person’s cognitive abilities that range from reasoning, perception, memory, language use, and problem solving.

Some psychologists still argue that intelligence is hereditary while others believe that it is acquired.

In reality though, intelligence can depend on many factors. Today we will go through a few in order to get a better idea about whether it is acquire or not:

Factors that determine the degree of intelligence:

Childhood and life experiences:

Some can argue that a tough or difficult childhood plays a role in making a person smarter, as this will sharpens their ability to think and find solutions. But, this doesn’t mean that people that have a perfect or smooth childhood cannot be as smart.

Life experiences that make us suffer in a way. and learn something new every time are just one small factor in determining our capacity to think outside of the box. The more we would’ve found ourselves in tricky situations that required us to think in order to help ourselves, the more we will be able to get and form more original and out-of-the-box ideas, and the smarter we will be considered.

In fact intelligence is an individual’s ability to solve problems, which requires the acquisition of certain skills. This ability can be acquired through having found ourselves in situations where we were forced to think of new ways to help ourselves out of a problem or to save someone we love. This type of intelligence is sadly only attained through struggle and bad life experiences from which we learn to think in a more complex way until a problem is solve.

A person that get genius brilliant ideas easily or faster than others can be perceived as very intelligent, as long as they act on their idea quickly and don’t let it go. This is why intelligence can also be determined by your character, which brings us to the next point:

Character:

Someone who gets a new and original, problem-solving idea that will help many people have easier lives if implemented in the real world can be considered to be a genius! But, that’s just as long as their character matches their intelligence and the fact that they should believe enough in themselves to try and make their ideas come to life.

This requires that smart person to also be quick to act on their ideas and pursue them. What good does it do to humanity to have millions of geniuses walking around in this world, if none of them acts on their ideas nor make any new inventions or life-changing breakthrough ?

If your intelligence is only good for you and bettering your life alone or making your social life better, then good for you but you’ll only be considered to be smart enough. However, if you’re a way-before-his-time genius that has the capabilities to change the world but your intelligence is only staying “in your own head” and for yourself then what good does this do to the world ? And who cares about whether you’re a genius or not, anyway, in this case ? Indeed, whats’ the evidence that you even are if you have nothing to show for it ?

Being positive about life:

As Albert Einstein said : “Stay away from negative people they have a problem for every solution”

This is to say that an above-average person will also know when to “switch off” their intelligence and sit back. If there’s no problem, then a smart person will not go out of their way to try and create one. like the saying goes: “if it’s not broken, don’t try to fix it”.

Staying positive and being confident that everything in life can be solved and that we have the choice to stay in problem or walk away from it, is key. With this type of attitude an intelligent person will be going through life with a positive mindset as they do not ever victimise themselves or try and say that they’re stuck in a bad situation that they cannot walk out of.

They are confident and believe in their ability to solve problems. They trust themselves to know how not to fall in a serious problem to begin with and if they somehow did then they will find a solution for it straight away. They spend more time solving a problem than complaining about it or about their situation.

Adaptation:

Intelligence can be defined as the capacity to adapt successfully to the environment, including thinking rationally and solving new problems. The difference between intelligent behaviour and unintelligent behaviour can be attributed to variety of factors and a key one is the ability to adapt to new scenarios, environments and situations in life.

This is because an intelligent person will be able to use different tools and techniques from what they already have at hand to get what is needed and solve their problem. A smart person is someone who does with what exists around them rather than saying: “If I had this specific thing then I would’ve solved this problem”.

They instead consider what they have at hand from before starting to think about an appropriate solution. In the end, they will only need and use the tools and things that they have access to, in an original way to solve their problem or make their life easier and more comfortable.

Bottom line:

These are only few factors that can determine intelligence and that we thought of and shared. However, traditionally it is believed that other attributes like schooling can also be responsible for determining how intelligent someone can be and how much potential growth they can acquire on that level.

Traditionally some of the factors that are believed to affect intelligence are cognitive abilities like memory, attention, language, reasoning, problem solving and creativity. Other factors are educational attainment like schooling and cultural background like values, norms and beliefs of a particular society.

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